During menstruation a woman experience cramps, mood swings, bloating, and other symptoms. Also irregularities can make them anxious- especially for those are not trying to get pregnant- and can cause other stress-related health issues. But nothing to worry ladies, we note down several probable reason responsible for irregularity and missed periods.
Many studies have confirmed that stress does not only affect us psychologically but also it has an effect to our body system. Many diseases nowadays are connected to stress, this includes irregularity in menstruation. When we are stressed the amount of hormones in our body is reduced which disrupts ovulation and the menstrual cycle – a condition known as secondary amenorrhea.
Reducing your level of stress or finding effective coping mechanisms may help your body revert to a normal menstrual period. Talking with a therapist or possibly taking anti-anxiety medication can lower stress and help you manage stress symptoms, eventually allowing your system to return to regularity.
2. Excessive Exercise
Amenorrhea can also be induced by excess exercise. This is common in women who are addicted to exercise, women who are serious athletes and have a low body fat percentage. Irregular periods can happen when women lose a lot of weight and change their hormonal balance.
When a person exercises, his/her body fat decreases. Since the menstrual cycle is dependent upon the fat in the woman’s body, a change in body fat percentage may cause irregularities.
Excessive exercise may also lead to estrogen dominance which can cause to hormonal imbalance. This may later on lead to irregularities in menstrual cycle.
To avoid irregularities, a balance healthy lifestyle is needed. Make sure to eat a healthy and nutritious diet that is filled with protein, fruits and vegetables, nuts, whole grain fibers, and good fats. Have enough sleep and avoid excessive intake of alcoholic drinks. Also, do not smoke.
3. Being Underweight or Overweight
Being overweight causes complications in your menstrual cycle because fat cells produce extra estrogen.
Being underweight also disrupts your periods and may cause your periods to just stop. It causes your estrogen levels to decrease to the point where you cannot ovulate.
Always remember balance diet is the key to fight the irregularities in your menstrual cycle. Consulting your doctor about your eating disorder is also advisable.
4. Thyroid Irregularity
Irregularity in Thyroid gland is frequently the reason behind problems with a woman’s menstrual cycle. Thyroid gland, a hormonal gland, plays a vital role in metabolism, growth and maturation of the human body. It helps to regulate many body functions by constantly releasing a certain amount of hormones in the blood. Severe hypothyroidism is commonly associated with ovulatory dysfunction due to numerous interactions of thyroid hormones with the female reproductive system.
Consult your doctor if you notice symptoms of thyroid problems.
5. Hormone Imbalance
Polycystic Ovary Symptom (PCOS) is a hormonal imbalance which occurs due to lack of ovulation and alterations in testosterone, estrogen, and progesterone. The regularity of the menstrual cycle depends upon the severity and level of imbalance. You may completely miss your periods says Alyssa Dweck, M.D., co-author of V is for Vagina. You may identity PCOS through other symptoms like growth of hair on chest and face, difficulty losing weight, and potential issues with fertility.
6. Birth Control Pills
Most birth control pills contain a combination of the hormones estrogen and progestin (some contain progestin alone). The pills prevent pregnancy by keeping the ovaries from releasing eggs. Going on or off birth control pills can affect menstruation. Some women have irregular or missed periods for up to six months after discontinuing birth control pills.
Other birth control methods like hormonal IUDs, shots, or implants may also be responsible for late or missed periods.
7. Wrong Calculation
The days of menstrual cycle vary for every woman. Meaning not all women have an average of 28 days menstrual cycle. Those who have a longer cycle may miscalculate and expect their period before it’s due. If you have irregular periods but you know when you ovulate, expect your period two (2) weeks after you ovulate, this might help you correct your calculations.
Illness, a change in routine, madications and perimenopause can be also the reason of missing your period.